#whitefeather diaries
Hilda Clark

About Hilda Clark

Hilda Clark grew up in an affluent Quaker family in the village of Street in Somerset. Her family had founded Clarks' Shoes in the nineteenth century. In the face of prejudice against working women, Hilda qualified as a doctor. 

Hilda was 33 when war broke out. A strong pacifist, she was firmly opposed to the war and appalled by the suffering it caused. She was instrumental in setting up the Friends War Victims Relief Committee and provided humanitarian assistance to civilians caught up in the war.

Hilda Clark

Doctor who risked her life in a war zone
Hilda Clark

Hilda Clark grew up in an affluent Quaker family in the village of Street in Somerset. Her family had founded Clarks' Shoes in the nineteenth century. Hilda was committed to the strong Quaker principles that her parents promoted, while also being very independent in her own decisions. In the face of prejudice against working women, Hilda began a medical degree in London at the age of 26 and qualified as a doctor.

After working at a maternity hospital in Birmingham, Hilda entered general practice in London. She was 33 when war broke out. A strong pacifist, she was firmly opposed to the war and appalled by the suffering it caused.

volunteer with small children in Samoens
Tuesday 29 March 2016

As Quaker relief work in France extended, Hilda chose to move from where she had been working to Sermaize, where life was slightly calmer but facilities more basic despite increasing levels of illness in the area. In one of her last surviving letters from the war years, she said that some things are too complicated to explain in writing.

A group of people pack tea
Tuesday 22 March 2016

As the year went on Hilda found herself in open conflict with the people administering the Friends War Victims Relief Committee at the Quaker central offices in London.

Family fleeing Oise with their belongings
Tuesday 15 March 2016

Hilda was busy working with refugee mothers and children in France. In July she wrote to her parents in Somerset to congratulate them on their golden wedding anniversary. She apologised for not being there in person and for seeing them so rarely. 

Volunteers loading up mattresses for distribution
Tuesday 8 March 2016

Hilda continued to work with refugee children after her return to France. 

Maternity ward, Châlons-sur-Marne
Tuesday 1 March 2016

Hilda saw her work as a form of pacifism in action but was concerned about the situation of pacifists in Britain facing conscription.

children fleeing a town
Wednesday 11 November 2015

Despite rejoicing in aspects of her work, Hilda's letters from France in 1915 make several references to struggling with negative emotions. It's not only the suffering around her that gets her down – she also seems dismayed with the pro-war sentiments coming from Britain.

Furniture being distributed to refugees as soldiers pass along the road behind
Wednesday 4 November 2015

Hilda's letters from France contain almost no reference to the reactions she received as a female doctor, despite this being unusual at the time. At a time when most people had never travelled in a car, Hilda further challenged gender roles by regularly driving one. Here's one letter from May 1915, sent to her friend Edith in London.

Relief workers building a new section at Sermaize Château Hospital
Wednesday 28 October 2015

Hilda, a Quaker doctor from Somerset, was working in France with the Friends War Victims Relief Committee. She had re-established the group to alleviate the suffering of those caught up in the war. This humanitarian response unit worked with civilians close to the front line, offering practical support on the basis of a common humanity.

In the spring of 1915 she wrote home to her friend Edith Pye.

Wednesday 27 August 2014

Hilda was seeing extreme suffering in France. Continuing to work as a doctor and to organise other pacifist volunteers, she expressed her feelings in another letter to her friend Edith.

Wednesday 20 August 2014

Amidst fears of German troops reaching the town, Hilda's tasks seem to have included keeping everyone calm, as shown by an early letter to her friend Edith.

Wednesday 13 August 2014

It was October before Hilda and her comrades obtained permission from the French and British authorities to travel to France to support civilian victims of war.

Wednesday 6 August

While some Quakers sought to save lives by campaigning against the war, others wanted to help war victims directly.

Latest Tweets

29th Mar
Illness has increased very much everywhere and the medical side of the work is getting pressed https://t.co/CC3s6Cx6NR #WW1 #whitefeather
29th Mar
Mud pervades everything but I expect I shall soon get used to it https://t.co/CC3s6Cx6NR #WW1 #whitefeather
22nd Mar
I also have to see the representative of about the tuberculosis question https://t.co/CZpeJEugx9 #WW1 #whitefeather
22nd Mar
We are arranging for a district nurse to work in Troyes as soon as she can get permission https://t.co/CZpeJEugx9 #WW1 #whitefeather
22nd Mar
Things have got so wrong between us and the London Committee https://t.co/CZpeJEugx9 #WW1 #whitefeather